Mostly used treatments:
Anti-epileptic medication usually does help control the seizure activity. Medication does not cure epilepsy but, for the majority of people on these drugs, the neurological dysfunction is stabilized. Each case being different, it can take from 3 to 6 months to find the adequate treatment.
The "traditional" anti-epileptic drugs for the large specter of all the epilepsies are:
- Valproic acid (Depakene), levetiracetam(Keppra), lamotrigin(Lamictal), Phenobarbital(Gardénal), gabapentin (Neurontin), primidone (Mysoline), divalproex sodium (Epival).
- For partial seizures: Carbamazepin (Tegretol), oxcarbazepine (Trileptal), clobazam (Frisium), topiramat (Topamax), vigabatrin (Sabril), phenytoin (Dilantin).
- Adjunct therapy for partial-onset seizures: Lacosamide (Vimpat)
- For generalized seizures: Ethosuximide (Zarontin), clonazepam (Rivotril), nitrazepam (Mogadon).
- Brain surgery is only performed if all other treatments fail to adequately control seizures. Or if it is possible to identify the seizure focus and safely remove it.